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A stereotype threat account of boys' academic underachievement

A stereotype threat account of boys' academic underachievement

Hartley, Bonny L. ORCID: 0000-0002-2501-1924 and Sutton, Robbie M. (2013) A stereotype threat account of boys' academic underachievement. Child Development, 84 (5). pp. 1716-1733. ISSN 0009-3920 (Print), 1467-8624 (Online) (doi:

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Three studies examined the role of stereotype threat in boys' academic underachievement. Study 1 (children aged 4–10, n = 238) showed that girls from age 4 years and boys from age 7 years believed, and thought adults believed, that boys are academically inferior to girls. Study 2 manipulated stereotype threat, informing children aged 7–8 years (n = 162) that boys tend to do worse than girls at school. This manipulation hindered boys' performance on a reading, writing, and math test, but did not affect girls' performance. Study 3 counteracted stereotype threat, informing children aged 6–9 years (n = 184) that boys and girls were expected to perform similarly. This improved the performance of boys and did not affect that of girls.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Stereotype threat; Gender; Stereotypes; Performance
Subjects: L Education > LB Theory and practice of education > LB1501 Primary Education
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Education & Health
Faculty of Education & Health > Applied Psychology Research Group
Faculty of Education & Health > Department of Psychology, Social Work & Counselling
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Last Modified: 07 May 2019 14:52
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
Selected for GREAT 2019: None

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