Skip navigation

The different faces of mental illness stigma: systematic variation of stereotypes, prejudice and discrimination by type of illness

The different faces of mental illness stigma: systematic variation of stereotypes, prejudice and discrimination by type of illness

Görzig, Anke ORCID: 0000-0002-7623-0836 and Ryan, Lauren (2022) The different faces of mental illness stigma: systematic variation of stereotypes, prejudice and discrimination by type of illness. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology. ISSN 0036-5564 (Print), 1467-9450 (Online) (In Press) (doi:https://doi.org/10.1111/sjop.12833)

[img]
Preview
PDF
35991-GORZIG-The_different_faces_of_mental_illness_stigma_systematic_variation_of_stereotypes_prejudice_and_discrimination_by_type_of_illness.pdf - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

Download (264kB) | Preview
[img] PDF (AAM)
35991_GORZIG_The_different_faces_of_mental_illness_stigma.pdf - Accepted Version
Restricted to Repository staff only

Download (476kB) | Request a copy

Abstract

Mental Illness stigma has been characterised as multi-dimensional including problems of knowledge (stereotypes), attitudes (prejudice) and behaviour (discrimination); however, most research practice is predominantly applying unidimensional behavioural measures such as social distance scales. Moreover, specific types of mental illnesses and different forms of discriminatory behaviours are not being differentiated. The Stereotype Content Model predicts that group stereotypes (warmth, competence) are linked with different forms of discriminatory behaviours (harm or facilitation) via emotional prejudices (pity, envy, contempt). The present study sought to establish how differential stereotypic perceptions of mental illness subgroups elicit distinct forms of behavioural discrimination via emotional prejudices. A community sample (N = 60) was randomly assigned to one of three conditions representing mental illnesses across the warmth-competence stereotype space. Patterns of self-completed measures for stereotypes, emotions and behaviours differed significantly between conditions. The association between stereotypes and behaviours were largely mediated by emotions. Systematic patterns of stereotypic perceptions, emotional prejudices and behavioural discrimination are present for individuals with different types of mental illnesses. Hence, generic measures of discrimination, such as social distance scales, may be misguiding. Intervention strategies should consider the systematic variation of the factors involved in stigma, differentiating by type of mental illness and discriminatory behaviours.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: stigma; stereotypes; prejudice; mental illness; mental disorders
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
H Social Sciences > HV Social pathology. Social and public welfare
Faculty / School / Research Centre / Research Group: Faculty of Education, Health & Human Sciences
Faculty of Education, Health & Human Sciences > Institute for Lifecourse Development
Faculty of Education, Health & Human Sciences > Institute for Lifecourse Development > Centre for Vulnerable Children and Families
Last Modified: 31 May 2022 09:43
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/35991

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics