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Low prevalence match and mismatch detection in simultaneous face matching: Influence of face recognition ability and feature focus guidance

Low prevalence match and mismatch detection in simultaneous face matching: Influence of face recognition ability and feature focus guidance

Davis, Josh P. ORCID: 0000-0003-0017-7159, Dray, Callan, Petrov, Nikolay and Belanova, Elena ORCID: 0000-0001-7764-0952 (2021) Low prevalence match and mismatch detection in simultaneous face matching: Influence of face recognition ability and feature focus guidance. Attention, Perception & Psychophysics, 83 (7). pp. 2937-2954. ISSN 1943-3921 (Print), 1943-393X (Online) (doi:https://doi.org/10.3758/s13414-021-02348-4)

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Abstract

Simultaneous face matching to verify identity is key to security and policing. However, matching is error-prone, particularly when target-item prevalence is low. Two experiments examined whether superior face recognition ability and the use of internal or external facial feature guidance scales would reduce low prevalence effects. In Experiment 1, super-recognisers (n = 317) significantly outperformed typical-ability controls (n = 452), while internal feature guidance enhanced accuracy across all prevalence conditions. However, an unexpected effect in controls revealed higher accuracy in low prevalence conditions, probably because no low-match or low-mismatch prevalence information was provided. In Experiment 2, top-end-of-typical range ability participants (n = 841) were informed of their low prevalence condition and demonstrated the expected low-prevalence effects. Findings and implications are discussed.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: low prevalence effect, face matching; internal features, external features, super-recognisers
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA75 Electronic computers. Computer science
Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA76 Computer software
Faculty / School / Research Centre / Research Group: Faculty of Education, Health & Human Sciences
Faculty of Education, Health & Human Sciences > Institute for Lifecourse Development
Faculty of Education, Health & Human Sciences > Institute for Lifecourse Development > Centre for Thinking and Learning
Last Modified: 07 Oct 2021 10:22
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
Selected for GREAT 2019: None
Selected for REF2021: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/33345

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