Skip navigation

The part-whole effect in super-recognisers and typical-range-ability controls

The part-whole effect in super-recognisers and typical-range-ability controls

Belanova, Elena, Davis, Josh P. ORCID: 0000-0003-0017-7159 and Thompson, Trevor ORCID: 0000-0001-9880-782X (2021) The part-whole effect in super-recognisers and typical-range-ability controls. Vision Research, 187. pp. 75-84. ISSN 0042-6989 (doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.visres.2021.06.004)

[img] PDF (Author Accepted Manuscript)
33106 DAVIS_The_Part-Whole_Effect in_Super-Recognisers_(AAM)_2021.pdf - Accepted Version
Restricted to Repository staff only until 2 July 2022.
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.

Download (809kB) | Request a copy

Abstract

Face recognition skills are distributed on a continuum, with developmental prosopagnosics and super-recognisers at the bottom and top ends, respectively. Holistic processing propensity is associated with face recognition ability and may be impaired in some developmental prosopagnosics and enhanced in some super-recognisers. Across two experiments we compared holistic processing of 75 super-recognisers and 89 typical-range ability controls using The Part-Whole Effect (PWE) paradigm. A subgroup of super-recognisers demonstrated enhanced PWEs in the nose region, suggesting they integrate the nose into the holistic face percept more effectively than controls. Focussed processing of the nose region, an optimal viewing position to extract the holistic properties of faces, has previously been associated with superior face recognition, and this may partly explain the superiority of some super-recognisers. However, a few super-recognisers generated extreme nose region performance patterns in an opposite direction across both experiments, suggesting their superiority is driven by alternative mechanisms. These results support proposals that super-recognition is associated with heterogeneous underlying processes.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: super-recognisers, Holistic processing, part-whole effect, face recognition, individual differences
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Faculty / School / Research Centre / Research Group: Faculty of Education, Health & Human Sciences
Faculty of Education, Health & Human Sciences > Department of Psychology, Social Work & Counselling
Faculty of Education, Health & Human Sciences > Institute for Lifecourse Development
Faculty of Education, Health & Human Sciences > Institute for Lifecourse Development > Centre for Thinking and Learning
Last Modified: 07 Oct 2021 10:14
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
Selected for GREAT 2019: None
Selected for REF2021: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/33106

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics