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Perceptual tuning through contact? Contact interacts with perceptual (not memory-based) face-processing ability to predict cross-race recognition

Perceptual tuning through contact? Contact interacts with perceptual (not memory-based) face-processing ability to predict cross-race recognition

Correll, Joshua, Ma, Debbie and Davis, Josh P. ORCID: 0000-0003-0017-7159 (2020) Perceptual tuning through contact? Contact interacts with perceptual (not memory-based) face-processing ability to predict cross-race recognition. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 92:104058. ISSN 0022-1031 (doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jesp.2020.104058)

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Abstract

Perceivers generally exhibit better face processing with same-race rather than cross-race faces. To what extent is this deficit attenuated by a perceiver's ability to process faces, and to what extent does that face-processing ability need to be “tuned” by experience with cross-race faces? The current study examined the cross-race recognition deficit (CRD) as a function of participants' ability with faces (measured by one task that emphasizes memory-based ability and one task that measures perceptual ability) and cross-race contact. Our primary analyses involve 583 White participants, 45 of whom can be classified as “super-recognizers.” Results suggest that (a) participants with better memory-based face-processing ability generally show a reduction in the CRD, and (b) participants with better perceptual ability only show a reduction in the CRD if they also have cross-race contact. The latter effect suggests that perceptual face processing must be tuned through experience.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Face recognition, super-recognisers, cross-race effect, contact, face matching
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Education, Health & Human Sciences
Faculty of Education, Health & Human Sciences > Department of Psychology, Social Work & Counselling
Faculty of Education, Health & Human Sciences > Institute for Lifecourse Development
Faculty of Education, Health & Human Sciences > Institute for Lifecourse Development > Centre for Thinking and Learning
Last Modified: 13 Nov 2020 09:54
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
Selected for GREAT 2019: None
Selected for REF2021: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/29833

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