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An integrative review of the factors influencing older nurses’ timing of retirement

An integrative review of the factors influencing older nurses’ timing of retirement

Markowski, Marianne ORCID: 0000-0003-4652-3168, Cleaver, Karen ORCID: 0000-0001-5303-1036 and Weldon, Sharon Marie ORCID: 0000-0001-5487-5265 (2020) An integrative review of the factors influencing older nurses’ timing of retirement. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 76 (9). pp. 2266-2285. ISSN 0309-2402 (Print), 1365-2648 (Online) (doi:https://doi.org/10.1111/jan.14442)

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Abstract

Aims:
To summarise the international empirical literature to provide a comprehensive understanding of older nurses’ decision making surrounding the timing of their retirement.

Background:
The global nursing shortage is increasing. Amongst some countries it has become an economic imperative to consider raising the state pension age and to extend working lives.

Design:
An integrative literature review using an integrated design.

Data sources:
MEDLINE, CINAHL and Business Source Premier databases were searched for studies between January 2007 ‐ October 2019.

Review Methods:
Quality appraisal of the studies were conducted. Findings were summarised, grouped into categories and themes extracted. Two models were developed for data representation.

Results:
132 studies were identified by the search strategy. Of these, 27 articles were included for appraisal and synthesis. 16 papers were quantitative, seven qualitative and four mixed methods. The research took place in 13 different geographical locations. Most studies were of a questionnaire design, followed by interviews and focus groups. The total participant sample was 35,460. Through a synthesis of the studies, four themes were identified: Health, Well‐being and Family factors; Employer factors; Professional factors; Financial factors.

Conclusion:
This review revealed the heterogeneity of studies on this subject and confirmed previous findings but also established a ranking of criteria that influences nurses’ decision making: age, followed by personal and organisational factors. Four extracted themes of push and pull factors map onto these factors. No ‘one‐size‐fits‐all’ strategy exists to ensure the extension of older nurses’ working lives. Organisations need to foster an environment where older nurses feel respected and heard and where personal and professional needs are addressed.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: older nurses, retirement, workforce, decision making, extended working lives, integrative review
Subjects: R Medicine > RT Nursing
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Education, Health & Human Sciences
Faculty of Education, Health & Human Sciences > Centre for Positive Ageing
Faculty of Education, Health & Human Sciences > Department of Family Care & Mental Health
Last Modified: 02 Sep 2020 13:02
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
Selected for GREAT 2019: None
Selected for REF2021: REF 6
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/28808

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