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The relationship between subjective sleep quality and cognitive performance in healthy young adults: evidence from three empirical studies

The relationship between subjective sleep quality and cognitive performance in healthy young adults: evidence from three empirical studies

Zavecz, Zsófia, Nagy, Tamás, Galkó, Adrienn, Nemeth, Dezso and Janacsek, Karolina (2020) The relationship between subjective sleep quality and cognitive performance in healthy young adults: evidence from three empirical studies. Scientific Reports, 10:4855. ISSN 2045-2322 (Online) (doi:https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-61627-6)

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Abstract

The role of subjective sleep quality in cognitive performance has gained increasing attention in recent decades. In this paper, our aim was to test the relationship between subjective sleep quality and a wide range of cognitive functions in a healthy young adult sample combined across three studies. Sleep quality was assessed by the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, the Athens Insomnia Scale, and a sleep diary to capture general subjective sleep quality, and the Groningen Sleep Quality Scale to capture prior night’s sleep quality. Within cognitive functions, we tested working memory, executive functions, and several sub-processes of procedural learning. To provide more reliable results, we included robust frequentist as well as Bayesian statistical analyses. Unequivocally across all analyses, we showed that there is no association between subjective sleep quality and cognitive performance in the domains of working memory, executive functions and procedural learning in healthy young adults. Our paper can contribute to a deeper understanding of subjective sleep quality and its measures, and we discuss various factors that may affect whether associations can be observed between subjective sleep quality and cognitive performance.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: sleep quality, cognitive performance, working memory, procedural learning
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Education, Health & Human Sciences
Faculty of Education, Health & Human Sciences > Institute for Lifecourse Development
Faculty of Education, Health & Human Sciences > Institute for Lifecourse Development > Centre for Thinking and Learning
Last Modified: 17 Jun 2020 13:56
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
Selected for GREAT 2019: None
Selected for REF2021: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/28573

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