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Empathy online and moral disengagement through technology as longitudinal predictors of cyberbullying victimization and perpretation

Empathy online and moral disengagement through technology as longitudinal predictors of cyberbullying victimization and perpretation

Marin-Lopez, Inmaculada, Zych, Izabella, Ortega-Ruiz, Rosario, Monks, Claire P. ORCID: 0000-0003-2638-181X and Llorent, Vicente J. (2020) Empathy online and moral disengagement through technology as longitudinal predictors of cyberbullying victimization and perpretation. Children and Youth Services Review, 116:105144. ISSN 0190-7409 (doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.childyouth.2020.105144)

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Abstract

Cyberbullying is a form of peer-aggression performed using electronic devices, by one or more individuals, with the intention to harm the cybervictims, who have difficulties in defending themselves. Diverse interpersonal variables such as empathy and mechanisms such as moral disengagement are involved in face-to-face and online interpersonal interactions. Many studies related empathy and moral disengagement to cyberbullying, but none have yet studied them together with online empathy and moral disengagement through technology. This study aimed to analyze the relationships among cyberbullying, online empathy, and moral disengagement through technology and to explore whether the dynamics established among those variables were stable over time. Participants were 1,033 students (age range 11-17 years old; M=13.66; SD=1.64; 48.32% girls) enrolled in public and private schools in the south of Spain. A second wave of data collection included 534 participants (52.17%; age range 12-18 years old; M=14.10; SD=1.33;49.82 % were girls). This study used a prospective longitudinal design. The results showed that high moral disengagement through technology was related to cyberbullying, especially in the cyberbully/victim role. The role of online empathy did not seem to have such a clear relation with cyberbullying. The need for more research in this area is highlighted.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: empathy online; moral disengagement through technology; cyberbullying; risk and protective factors; longitudinal predictors
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Education, Health & Human Sciences
Faculty of Education, Health & Human Sciences > Department of Psychology, Social Work & Counselling
Faculty of Education, Health & Human Sciences > Institute for Lifecourse Development
Faculty of Education, Health & Human Sciences > Institute for Lifecourse Development > Centre for Vulnerable Children and Families
Last Modified: 02 Aug 2020 13:11
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
Selected for GREAT 2019: None
Selected for REF2021: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/28388

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