Skip navigation

‘Culture’, ‘context’, school leadership and entrepreneurialism: evidence from sixteen countries

‘Culture’, ‘context’, school leadership and entrepreneurialism: evidence from sixteen countries

Miller, Paul (2018) ‘Culture’, ‘context’, school leadership and entrepreneurialism: evidence from sixteen countries. Education Sciences, 8 (2):76. ISSN 2227-7102 (doi:

PDF (Publisher's PDF - Open Access)
26125 MILLER_Culture_Context_School_Leadership_Entrepreneurialism_(OA)_2018.pdf - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

Download (231kB) | Preview


In the face of ongoing school budget cuts, increasing student numbers and national educational policy environments that demand more from schools, like it or not, school leaders are being forced to be much more market-oriented in their thinking and ways of being than at any other time before. A school is an important site for social development, and in some communities in some countries, there may be only one school in an entire community. Nevertheless, as countries continue to grapple with reduced government funding on education, many schools risk the threat of closure. And, as education consumers (parents) and users (students) demand more and better value and results from schools, competition between schools have simultaneously increased. Thus, the environment in which school leaders’ work is requiring and fostering entrepreneurial leadership. The findings reported in this paper, derive from a larger sixteen country, five continent study of 61 school leaders on the “Nature of School Leadership”. The main conclusions presented in this paper are that, male and female school leaders approach entrepreneurial in very different ways; “national culture” and “national context” significantly influences and shape the work, and thus the attitudes and behaviours of school leaders, who must embrace entrepreneurialism as an essential skill, and a response to changes in school funding arrangements, and the changing role of education in national educational policy agendas.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: school leaders, entrepreneurial, educational policy, leadership, context, culture
Subjects: L Education > LB Theory and practice of education
Faculty / School / Research Centre / Research Group: Faculty of Education, Health & Human Sciences
Last Modified: 05 Oct 2020 17:26

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item


Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics