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Time and concentration dependency of MacroGard® induced apoptosis

Time and concentration dependency of MacroGard® induced apoptosis

Miest, J. J. ORCID: 0000-0003-2534-0530 and Hoole, D. (2015) Time and concentration dependency of MacroGard® induced apoptosis. Fish & Shellfish Immunology, 42 (2). pp. 363-366. ISSN 1050-4648 (Print), 1095-9947 (Online) (doi:

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In previous studies an effect of β-glucan on apoptosis in fish was noted and in this investigation we determine the time and concentration dependency of this effect. Primary cell cultures of pronephric carp cells were incubated for 6, 24, 48 h with various concentrations ranging from 0 to 1000 μg/ml of MacroGard® β-glucan. Apoptosis was monitored via acridine orange staining. Results indicate a clear effect of time and concentration on the induction of apoptosis in vitro, with only concentration ≥500 μg/ml causing significantly higher percentages of apoptotic cells. Apoptosis was detected after 6 h. This concentration dependent effect has to be considered when studying apoptosis in relation to immunostimulation.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: © 2014. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license
Uncontrolled Keywords: Apoptosis, Beta-glucan, Carp, Concentration/time dependency
Faculty / School / Research Centre / Research Group: Faculty of Education, Health & Human Sciences > School of Human Sciences (HUM)
Last Modified: 09 Oct 2021 04:45

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