'Everyone in the room has a connection to the story': fairytale adaptation in devised theatre
Lilley, Heather (2012) 'Everyone in the room has a connection to the story': fairytale adaptation in devised theatre. Journal of Adaptation in Film & Performance, 5 (2). pp. 149-166. ISSN 1753-6421 (Print), 1753-643X (Online) (doi:10.1386/jafp.5.2.149_1)
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Adapting well-known source texts for live performance lies at the heart of much devised theatre practice and fairytales have proved a rich source of inspiration in this field. This article argues that the fairytale genre, with its myriad of shared cultural symbols and vivid personal resonances lends itself particularly well to devised performance intended to be popular, accessible and celebratory, whilst also facilitating exploration of thought provoking social themes and cultural memories. Drawing on Jauss' theories of reception and on studies of literary fairytales, this article examines Kneehigh Theatre's version of `Little Red Riding Hood' and Cartoon de Salvo's production of `The Ratcatcher of Hamelin' to show how the subject matter that these companies have frequently chosen to adapt draws the audience into the event through the sense of a shared `horizon of experience'. In these devised adaptations both companies actively enhance the shared cultural memories surrounding their material; their oetics of performance and the intertextual richness of fairytales allows them to affect the aesthetics of reception and to encourage an experience of theatre as social collaboration between performers and spectators. Analysis of these productions also reveals how these companies use adaptations of popular stories to question aspects of contemporary society - specifically issues surrounding the tensions between individuality and social cohesion and the communal good versus capitalist gains - by bringing the audience's expectations of the story into play for comparison. This article suggests that adapting well-known stories has been paramount to Kneehigh Theatre and Cartoon De Salvo's development of their performance style and has contributed to each company's success in forming a strong sense of connection with their audiences.
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