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Effect of artisanal parboiling methods on milling yield and cooked rice textural characteristics

Effect of artisanal parboiling methods on milling yield and cooked rice textural characteristics

Manful, John T., Abbey, Lawrence D. and Coker, Raymond D. (2009) Effect of artisanal parboiling methods on milling yield and cooked rice textural characteristics. Journal of Food Quality, 32 (6). pp. 725-734. ISSN 0146-9428 (Print), 1745-4557 (Online) (doi:10.1111/j.1745-4557.2009.00283.x)

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Abstract

One of the main objectives of artisanal rice parboiling is to reduce the levels of broken grains (brokens) on milling. Rice samples that had been parboiled using different regimes of soaking temperatures and steaming times were analyzed for their physical properties and cooked rice textures. It was established that inappropriate soaking and steaming regimes resulted in greater levels of brokens than raw-milled paddy. Consequently, in artisanal parboiling, the initial soaking temperature should be about 90C and the steaming time should be more than 8 min, ideally, about 12 min. On cooking, more severely parboiled rice samples had firmer textures than mildly parboiled samples. The commercially parboiled sample and the more severely laboratory-parboiled samples required a rice-to-water ratio of 1:3, while the raw-milled sample and the mildly parboiled ones required a 1:2½ rice-to-water ratio for optimum cooking.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: artisanal rice parboiling, broken grains (brokens), raw-milled paddy
Subjects: S Agriculture > S Agriculture (General)
S Agriculture > SB Plant culture
T Technology > TX Home economics
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Engineering & Science > Natural Resources Institute
Faculty of Engineering & Science
Related URLs:
Last Modified: 24 Jul 2015 13:54
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/7817

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