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The use of laboratory erosion tests for the prediction of wear in pneumatic conveyor bends

The use of laboratory erosion tests for the prediction of wear in pneumatic conveyor bends

Burnett, Anthony John (1996) The use of laboratory erosion tests for the prediction of wear in pneumatic conveyor bends. PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.

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Abstract

This thesis describes a programme of work which has been undertaken with the objective of investigating means of using a laboratory erosion tester to predict the life of a bend in a pneumatic conveyor.

Providing a link between a laboratory erosion tester and erosion tests on a pneumatic conveyor would lead to the development of an inexpensive way of predicting the life of a pipe bend operating under any given set of conveying conditions.

An extensive literature review was carried out. From this it was concluded that very little work of an experimental corroborative nature had been out to substantiate whether erosion test results from a laboratory tester could be used to predict the life of a pneumatic conveyor bend.

Two test facilities were constructed to carry out tests under accurately controlled conditions. The first of these was a laboratory 'rotating disc accelerator' erosion tester, and the second an industrially scaled pneumatic conveying test facility.

Both test facilities yielded results that followed previously reported trends but also illustrated some trends that have been unreported in earlier work. It was found that the 'rotating disc accelerator' simulated erosion with minimal interference from inter-particulate collisions. For the pneumatic conveyor test bend used it was found that puncture of the bend wall occurred in the region where secondary particle impacts occurred, rather than in the region of primary impacts as reported in earlier work. Explanations for both these observations are given.

An optically based construction for a cylindrical mirror was used to predict the location of the puncture point in the bend, and the intensification of particle impacts in the region of the pipe bend due to the geometry of the bend. When this was combined with an empirical erosion model derived from results obtained from the rotating disc accelerator, an accurate estimate of the life of the bend could be made. Further development of this model is discussed.

An extensive series of recommendations for further work to address some of the findings discovered during this work are given.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Additional Information: uk.bl.ethos.320600
Uncontrolled Keywords: tribology, two phase flow, solid particle impact, materials, biodeterioration testing laboratories, manufacturing processes, materials, biodeterioration testing manufacturing processes,
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Pre-2014 Departments: School of Engineering
School of Engineering > Department of Engineering Systems
Last Modified: 14 Oct 2016 09:15
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/6123

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