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Exercise for the management of Type 2 Diabetes: a review of the evidences

Exercise for the management of Type 2 Diabetes: a review of the evidences

Zanuso, S., Jimenez, A., Pugliese, G., Corigliano, G. and Balducci, S. (2010) Exercise for the management of Type 2 Diabetes: a review of the evidences. Acta Diabetologica, 47 (1). pp. 15-22. ISSN 0940-5429 (Print), 1432-5233 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s00592-009-0126-3)

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Abstract

The aim is to critically review the more relevant evidence on the interrelationships between exercise and metabolic outcomes. The research questions addressed in the recent specific literature with the most relevant randomized controlled trials, meta-analysis and cohort studies are presented in three domains: aerobic exercise, resistance exercise, combined aerobic and resistance exercise. From this review appear that the effects of aerobic exercise are well established, and interventions with more vigorous aerobic exercise programs resulted in greater reductions in HbA1c, greater increase in VO2max and greater increase in insulin sensitivity. Considering the available evidence, it appears that resistance training could be an effective intervention to help glycemic control, especially considering that the effects of this form of intervention are comparable with what reported with aerobic exercise. Less studies have investigated whether combined resistance and aerobic training offers a synergistic and incremental effect on glycemic control; however, from the available evidences appear that combined exercise training seems to determine additional change in HbA1c that can be seen significant if compared with aerobic training alone and resistance training alone.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: exercise, physical activity, type-2 diabetes, glycemic control
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine
R Medicine > RM Therapeutics. Pharmacology
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Engineering & Science
Faculty of Engineering & Science > Department of Life & Sports Sciences
Related URLs:
Last Modified: 17 Oct 2016 09:10
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/5060

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