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The Transdisciplinary Philosophy-of-Science Paradigm for Research on Individuals: Foundations for the Science of Personality and Individual Differences

The Transdisciplinary Philosophy-of-Science Paradigm for Research on Individuals: Foundations for the Science of Personality and Individual Differences

Uher, Jana ORCID: 0000-0003-2450-4943 (2018) The Transdisciplinary Philosophy-of-Science Paradigm for Research on Individuals: Foundations for the Science of Personality and Individual Differences. In: Zeigler-Hill, Virgil and Shackelford, Todd K., (eds.) The SAGE Handbook of Personality and Individual Differences. Vol. 1. The Science of Personality and Individual Differences. SAGE Publications Ltd, London, UK, pp. 84-109. ISBN 978-1526445179 (doi:10.4135/9781526451163.n4)

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Abstract

The Transdisciplinary Philosophy-of-Science Paradigm for Research on Individuals (TPS-Paradigm) builds on established concepts, approaches, and methods from various disciplines that are systematically integrated into coherent philosophical, metatheoretical, and methodological frameworks and that are further developed and complemented by novel ones. The TPS-Paradigm is aimed at supporting scientists exploring individuals to tackle the particular challenges of their field and to make explicit and critically reflect on their philosophical presuppositions, metatheories, and methodologies. The metatheoretical definition of ‘personality’ as individual-specificity is elaborated, highlighting that ‘personality’ is conceived and studied differently because different paradigms focus on individual-specificity in different kinds of phenomena. Critical analyses of the field’s strong reliance on assessments methods reveal fallacies, circular explanations in ‘trait’ concepts, and the fact that taxonomic models of most of the phenomena in which individual-specificity is conceived as ‘personality’ still need to be developed. The TPS-Paradigm is therefore aimed at reviving and broadening the portfolio of methodologies that can and should be complementarily applied to comprehensively explore individuals and their ‘personality.’ Such broad paradigms are needed to enable transdisciplinary collaboration and research that embraces the complex reality of individuals and their ‘personality.’

Item Type: Book Section
Additional Information: Part 1: Theoretical Perspectives on Personality and Individual Differences. Chapter 4. *** SAGE: Please note that you can make photocopies of your chapter for your own teaching needs, or to supply on an individual basis to research colleagues as well as make the whole or any part of the chapter available electronically on a secure VLE at your institution for your own teaching needs or on a secure repository at your institution.
Uncontrolled Keywords: methodology, methods, personality, individual differences, differential psychology, metatheory, ratings, assessments, traits, traits psychology, personality psychology, character, paradigm, transdisciplinary
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > B Philosophy (General)
B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Education & Health
Faculty of Education & Health > Department of Psychology, Social Work & Counselling
Related URLs:
Last Modified: 23 Jul 2018 15:29
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/20443

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