Skip navigation

Personality in the behaviour of great apes: temporal stability, cross-situational consistency and coherence in response

Personality in the behaviour of great apes: temporal stability, cross-situational consistency and coherence in response

Uher, Jana ORCID: 0000-0003-2450-4943, Asendorpf, Jens B. and Call, Josep (2007) Personality in the behaviour of great apes: temporal stability, cross-situational consistency and coherence in response. Animal Behaviour, 75 (1). pp. 99-112. ISSN 0003-3472 (doi:10.1016/j.anbehav.2007.04.018)

[img]
Preview
PDF (Author Accepted Manuscript)
18189 UHER_Personality_in_the_Behaviour_of_Great_Apes_2007.pdf - Accepted Version

Download (209kB) | Preview

Abstract

Socio-cognitive abilities to recognise and to represent individual-specificity—even in some nonhuman species—are central to human life. Using a novel philosophy-of-science paradigm, we explored these abilities over 3 years in 6 waves by investigating individual-specific behaviours of 104 crab-eating macaques (Macaca fascicularis) and the representations that 99 human observers—experts and novices—developed of them. By applying the non-lexical Behavioural Repertoire x Environmental Situations Approach, we generated 18 macaque-specific personality constructs. They were operationalised with behavioural measures to study the macaques and with two rating formats to study the observers’ representations. Analyses of reliability, cross-method coherence, taxonomic structures, associations with demographic factors, and 12–24-month stabilities highlighted essential differences between individual-specific behaviours and pertinent representations, explored developmental pathways of representations, and illuminated attribution biases and limitations of questionnaire methods.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: behaviour prediction, bonobo, bottom-up approach, chimpanzee, gorilla, individual differences, orang-utan, personality, traits
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Education & Health
Faculty of Education & Health > Department of Psychology, Social Work & Counselling
Related URLs:
Last Modified: 01 Dec 2017 11:35
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/18189

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics