Colloidal microgel in removal of water from biodiesel
Nur, H., Snowden, M.J., Cornelius, V.J., Mitchell, J.C., Harvey, P.J. and Benée, L.S. (2009) Colloidal microgel in removal of water from biodiesel. Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, 335 (1-3). pp. 133-137. ISSN 0927-7757 (doi:10.1016/j.colsurfa.2008.10.049)Full text not available from this repository.
A series of poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) [pNIPAM]-based homo-polymer and co-polymer microgel particles were prepared by surfactant-free emulsion polymerisation. The co-monomers were acrylic acid. 4-vinylpyridine. butyl acrylate, 4-vinylbiphenyl and vinyl laurate. Co-monomers were added at a concentration of 10% (w/w) relative to the base monomer pNIPAM for the preparation of each co-polymer microgel. The co-monomers chosen vary by their organic chain length, polarity and pH sensitivity, as these should influence how the particles behave in aqueous and non-aqueous solvents. The effect of adding different types of co-monomer into the microgel structure was investigated with respect to their dispersibility in different solvents. These microgel particles have shown useful application in the removal of water from biodiesel prepared from rape seed. Karl Fischer experiments showed that microgel particles can be used to reduce the water content in biodiesel to an acceptable level for incorporation into internal combustion engines. (C) 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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