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Aqueous solution of anionic surfactants mixed with soils show a synergistic reduction in surface tension

Aqueous solution of anionic surfactants mixed with soils show a synergistic reduction in surface tension

Hagenhoff, Kerstin, Dong, Jingfeng, Chowdhry, Babur Z. and Leharne, Stephen Anthony (2009) Aqueous solution of anionic surfactants mixed with soils show a synergistic reduction in surface tension. Water, Air, & Soil Pollution, 209 (1-4). pp. 3-13. ISSN 0049-6979 (Print), 1573-2932 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s11270-009-0175-9)

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Abstract

Water retention and transport in soils is dependent upon the surface tension of the aqueous phase. Surfactants present in aqueous solution reduce the surface tension of aqueous phase. In soil–water systems, this can result in water drainage and reductions in field capacity and hydraulic conductivity. In this investigation, the surface tension of surfactant solutions mixed with soil—in a constant fixed ratio—was measured as a function of surfactant concentration. Two anionic surfactants were used: sodium dodecyl sulphate and sodium bis (2-ethylhexyl) sulfosuccinate. Two soils were also used—a clay soil and a sandy soil. The key observation made by this investigation was that the addition of soil to the surfactant solution provided a further component of surface tension reduction. Neither soil sample reduced the surface tension of water when surfactant was absent from the aqueous phase, though
both soils released soil organic matter at low surfactant
concentrations as shown by measurement of the chemical oxygen demand of the supernatant solutions. Furthermore, both surfactants were shown to be weakly adsorbed by soil as shown by the use of a methylene blue assay. It is therefore proposed that the additional reduction in surface tension arises from synergistic interactions between the surfactants and dissolved soil organic matter.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: surfactant, soil water, surface tension
Subjects: T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Engineering & Science
Faculty of Engineering & Science > Department of Life & Sports Sciences
Faculty of Engineering & Science > Department of Pharmaceutical, Chemical & Environmental Sciences
Related URLs:
Last Modified: 17 Oct 2016 09:09
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/1573

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