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Compression of polypropylene across a wide range of strain rates

Compression of polypropylene across a wide range of strain rates

Okereke, M.I. ORCID: 0000-0002-2104-012X, Buckley, C.P. and Siviour, C.R. (2012) Compression of polypropylene across a wide range of strain rates. Mechanics of Time-Dependent Materials, 16 (4). pp. 361-379. ISSN 1385-2000 (Print), 1573-2738 (Online) (doi:

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Three grades of polypropylene were tested in uniaxial compression at room temperature, across a wide range of strain rate: 10−4 s−1 to 104 s−1. One grade is a conventional polypropylene homopolymer. The two other grades are the polypropylene forming the matrix phase of a continuous glass fibre-reinforced thermoplastic composite prepreg, with and without blending with a carbon-black master batch. Tests at the highest strain rates were performed using a compression split Hopkinson pressure bar. The test specimens, for all the three rates, were imaged using appropriate digital cameras in order to observe the deformation process. In addition, the images obtained were analysed digitally to obtain true strain measurements for the medium rates category. All three grades of polypropylene showed pronounced strain-rate dependence of compressive yield stress, increasing by factors of up to 4 across the range of rates. At the lowest rates, there was close agreement between the yield stresses for all three materials, and also close agreement with the Eyring theory. Considering the highest strain rates, however, yield stresses increased more rapidly with log(strain-rate) than would be expected from a linear Eyring prediction and values for the three materials diverged. This was attributed to the contributions made in each material by both alpha and beta relaxation processes. Also prominent in the medium- and high-rate experimental results was pronounced post-yield strain softening, greatest at the highest strain-rates. This resulted from a combination of thermal softening from adiabatic heating, and structural rejuvenation as often seen in glassy polymers in quasi-static tests.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: [1] Accepted: 6 January 2012. [2] First published online: 28 January 2012. [3] Published in print: November 2012.
Uncontrolled Keywords: high-rate compression, polypropylene, strain-rate dependence
Subjects: T Technology > T Technology (General)
T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Pre-2014 Departments: School of Engineering
School of Engineering > Department of Engineering Systems
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Last Modified: 14 Oct 2016 09:19

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