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Geometrical optimisation of a biochip microchannel fluidic separator

Geometrical optimisation of a biochip microchannel fluidic separator

Xue, Xiangdong, Patel, Mayur K., Bailey, Chris ORCID: 0000-0002-9438-3879 and Desmulliez, Marc P.Y. (2011) Geometrical optimisation of a biochip microchannel fluidic separator. Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering, 15 (9). pp. 981-991. ISSN 1025-5842 (Print), 1476-8259 (Online) (doi:

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This article reports on the geometric optimisation of a T-shaped biochip microchannel fluidic separator aiming to maximise the separation efficiency of plasma from blood through the improvement of the unbalanced separation performance among different channel bifurcations. For this purpose, an algebraic analysis is firstly implemented to identify the key parameters affecting fluid separation. A numerical optimisation is then carried out to search the key parameters for improved separation performance of the biochip. Three parameters, the interval length between bifurcations, the main channel length from the outlet to the bifurcation region and the side channel geometry, are identified as the key characteristic sizes and defined as optimisation variables. A balanced flow rate ratio between the main and side channels, which is an indication of separation effectiveness, is defined as the objective. It is found that the degradation of the separation performance is caused by the unbalanced channel resistance ratio between the main and side channel routes from bifurcations to outlets. The effects of the three key parameters can be summarised as follows: (a) shortening the interval length between bifurcations moderately reduces the differences in the flow rate ratios; (b) extending the length of the main channel from the main outlet is effective for achieving a uniformity of flow rate ratio but ineffective in changing the velocity difference of the side channels and (c) decreasing the lengths of side channels from upstream to downstream is effective for both obtaining a uniform flow rate ratio and reducing the differences in the flow velocities between the side branch channels. An optimisation process combining the three parameters is suggested as this integration approach leads to fast convergent process and also offers flexible design options for satisfying different requirements.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: blood fluid separation, microfluidic device, design optimisation, cross flow filtration, modelling and simulation
Subjects: R Medicine > RZ Other systems of medicine
T Technology > T Technology (General)
Faculty / School / Research Centre / Research Group: Faculty of Liberal Arts & Sciences
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Last Modified: 13 Mar 2019 11:33

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