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Effect of gas-to-liquid biosludge on soil properties and alfalfa yields in an arid soil

Effect of gas-to-liquid biosludge on soil properties and alfalfa yields in an arid soil

Kogbara, Reginald ORCID: 0000-0002-0227-4676 , Yiming, Wubulikasimu, Iyengar, Srinath R., Abdalla, Osman A.E., Al-Wawi, Hayel M., Onwusogh, Udeogu C., Youssef, Karim, Al-Ansary, Marwa, Sunifar, Parilakathoottu A. and Arora, Dhruv (2019) Effect of gas-to-liquid biosludge on soil properties and alfalfa yields in an arid soil. Journal of Cleaner Production, 250:119524. ISSN 0959-6526 (doi:

46371_KOGBARA_ Effect_of_gas-to-liquid_biosludge_on_soil_properties_and_alfalfa_yields_in_an_arid_soil.pdf - Accepted Version
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Soils in Qatar are relatively poor in fertility. Hence, imported top soils and soil enhancing materials are used to improve agricultural yields. Therefore, this work investigated the potential of using gas-to-liquid (GTL) biosludge as a soil conditioner. It sought to increase crop yields in an arid soil with positive environmental footprint in terms of fertilizer application savings, waste utilization and minimization of landfilling. A fodder crop, alfalfa (Medicago sativa), was grown under semi-controlled pot conditions for 12 months. The plant-growth media involved soil, soil + fertilizer, soil + 3% compost, and soil plus five (0.75–12%) biosludge contents. Pertinent properties of the soils, the resulting leachates, and plant growth parameters were analyzed at set periods. Biosludge content generally increased the total porosity and volumetric abundance of different pore types, which in turn affected plant performance, especially the plant height. Alfalfa yield in terms of plant height, aboveground fresh biomass weight and the number of tillers decreased with increasing biosludge content. Mixtures with 0.75–3% biosludge content showed comparable or better plant yield in contrast to the soil, fertilizer and compost controls. The concentration of chemical species in the leachate and plant biomass of biosludge treatments were either lower or similar to the fertilizer and compost controls. Regression modeling identified leachate phosphorus concentrations, soil iron concentration and clay content as the most influential variables for the aforementioned plant performance parameters. The results suggest that GTL biosludge could potentially enhance arid soil properties and improve alfalfa yields.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Alfalfa; arid soil; gas-to-liquid biosludge; plant growth parameters; porosity; soil conditioner
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
S Agriculture > S Agriculture (General)
T Technology > T Technology (General)
Faculty / School / Research Centre / Research Group: Faculty of Engineering & Science
Faculty of Engineering & Science > School of Engineering (ENG)
Last Modified: 29 Apr 2024 08:43

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