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Temperature as a key parameter for graphene sono-exfoliation in water

Temperature as a key parameter for graphene sono-exfoliation in water

Kaur, Amanpreet, Morton, Justin A, Tyurnina, Anastasia V., Priyadarshi, Abhinav, Holland, Adam, Mi, Jiawei, Porfyrakis, Kyriakos ORCID: 0000-0003-1364-0261, Eskin, Dmitry G. and Tzanakis, Iakovos (2022) Temperature as a key parameter for graphene sono-exfoliation in water. Ultrasonics Sonochemistry, 90:106187. pp. 1-9. ISSN 1350-4177 (doi:

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Graphene dispersions in water are highly desirable for a range of applications such as biomedicines, separation membranes, coatings, inkjet printing and more. Recent novel research has been focussed on developing a green approach for scalable production of graphene. However, one important parameter, which is often neglected is the bulk temperature of the processing liquid. This paper follows our earlier work where optimal sono-exfoliation parameters of graphite in aqueous solutions were determined based on the measured acoustic pressure fields at various temperatures and input powers. Here, we take the next step forward and demonstrate using systematic characterisation techniques and acoustic pressure measurements that sonication-assisted liquid phase exfoliation (LPE) of graphite powder can indeed produce high quality few layer graphene flakes in pure water at a specific temperature, i.e. 40 °C, and at an optimised input generator power of 50%, within 2-h of processing. UV–vis analysis also revealed that the exfoliation, stability and uniformity of dispersions were improved with increasing temperature. We further confirmed the successful exfoliation of graphene sheets with minimal level of defects in the optimized sample with the help of Raman microscopy and transmission electron microscopy. This study demonstrated that understanding and controlling processing temperature is one of the key parameters for graphene exfoliation in water which offers a potential pathway for its large-scale production.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: ultrasonic processing; cavitation bubbles; shock waves; graphene; exfoliation; eco-friendly; water
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
T Technology > T Technology (General)
Faculty / School / Research Centre / Research Group: Faculty of Engineering & Science
Faculty of Engineering & Science > School of Engineering (ENG)
Last Modified: 21 Nov 2022 14:06

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