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Global inequalities: the impact on health

Global inequalities: the impact on health

Adjaye-Gbewonyo, Kafui ORCID: 0000-0002-8919-6518 and Kawachi, Ichiro (2022) Global inequalities: the impact on health. In: La Placa, Vincent and Morgan, Julia ORCID: 0000-0001-6218-7593, (eds.) Social Science Perspectives on Global Public Health. Health & Development . Routledge, London. ISBN 978-1003128373 (doi:

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This chapter discusses concepts of inequality and inequity in relation to health both within and between nations. It explores inequalities in health by characteristics, such as social class, gender, ethnicity, and the intersection of these. The chapter discusses the importance of the social gradient of health. It addresses competing explanations for health and social inequalities globally, including poverty and material deprivation, psychosocial factors, discrimination, and structural determinants of health. The ‘social gradient in health’ expresses the idea that health status is often patterned and that each successive increment in social position confers additional advantage. The way in which inequalities are measured, and the ethical priorities adopted for health interventions may impact our understanding, of whether inequalities are improving or worsening with time. Acknowledging social causation as an explanation for health inequalities, several possible mechanisms have been explored to explain how social conditions affect health.

Item Type: Book Section
Uncontrolled Keywords: inequality; social determinants of health; global health
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HV Social pathology. Social and public welfare
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
Faculty / School / Research Centre / Research Group: Faculty of Education, Health & Human Sciences
Faculty of Education, Health & Human Sciences > Institute for Lifecourse Development
Faculty of Education, Health & Human Sciences > Institute for Lifecourse Development > Centre for Chronic Illness and Ageing
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Last Modified: 05 Oct 2022 15:41

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