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SafePod: A respiration chamber to characterise apple fruit response to storage atmospheres

SafePod: A respiration chamber to characterise apple fruit response to storage atmospheres

Rees, Deborah ORCID: 0000-0003-3541-0424, Bishop, David, Schaefer, James, Colgan, Richard, Thurston, Karen, Fisher, Rosalind ORCID: 0000-0002-5609-6772 and Duff, Andrew (2021) SafePod: A respiration chamber to characterise apple fruit response to storage atmospheres. Postharvest Biology and Technology, 181:111674. ISSN 0925-5214 (doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.postharvbio.2021.111674)

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Abstract

During long-term storage of apples, detection of low O2 stress is used to optimise low O2 storage regimes for dynamic controlled atmosphere (DCA) storage. Monitoring respiratory characteristics, specifically the respiratory quotient (RQ), provides a tool to achieve this. The objectives of this study were to evaluate protocols to monitor response of apple consignments to low O2 using a respiration chamber, the SafePod, designed for use in commercial stores and research laboratories, and to compare the RQ response to changes in chlorophyll fluorescence (CF) yield from the fruit skin as used in DCA-CF.
Protocols to identify the lowest oxygen limit (LOL), the O2 concentration below which RQ rises, were tested using ‘Braeburn’ (sensitive to low O2) and ‘Gala’ (less sensitive to low O2). A protocol that allows fruit to acclimatise at each O2 concentration takes several weeks and is therefore not practical for commercial use. A rapid profile without fruit acclimatisation can be completed in 2-3 days. Although this underestimates RQ values, and results in an increase in RQ at a higher O2 concentration than observed for acclimatised fruit, the rapid RQ protocol provides a practical method to compare response of apple consignments between cultivars, orchards and seasons. By the rapid protocol, the LOL of ‘Braeburn’ consignments was near 0.6 kPa and of ‘Gala’ consignments was near 0.2 kPa, consistent with detection of alcoholic taints below the LOL in each case. The RQ response using the SafePod was consistent with increase in CF yield using HarvestWatchTM.
Fruit respiration rates change through the storage season, including a substantial decrease over the first 2 months after harvest. As RQ response is affected by respiration rate, accurate comparison of consignments depends on profiles being measured at the same stage in the storage season. It is more difficult to determine the LOL by RQ profiling later in the season when respiration rates are lower.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: dynamic controlled atmosphere; apple (Malus domestica); respiratory quotient; respiration rate; SafePod
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
S Agriculture > S Agriculture (General)
T Technology > T Technology (General)
Faculty / School / Research Centre / Research Group: Faculty of Education, Health & Human Sciences
Faculty of Engineering & Science > Natural Resources Institute
Faculty of Engineering & Science > Natural Resources Institute > Food & Markets Department
Faculty of Engineering & Science > Natural Resources Institute > Postharvest Science and Technology Research Group
Last Modified: 28 Apr 2022 13:10
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/35942

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