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Association between dietary fiber intake and incidence of depression and anxiety in patients with essential hypertension

Association between dietary fiber intake and incidence of depression and anxiety in patients with essential hypertension

Liu, Yuanyuan, Ju, Yang, Cui, Lingling, Liu, Ting, Hou, Yunying, Wu, Qing, Ojo, Omorogieva ORCID: 0000-0003-0071-3652, Du, Xiaojiao and Wang, Xiaohua (2021) Association between dietary fiber intake and incidence of depression and anxiety in patients with essential hypertension. Nutrients, 13 (11):4159. ISSN 2072-6643 (Print), 2072-6643 (Online) (doi:https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13114159)

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Abstract

(1) Background: Our previous study found that the dietary fiber supplement in patients with hypertension increased SCFA-producers, Bifidobacterium and Spirillum in the gut microbiota, which may be associated with improvement of depression and anxiety through the gut–brain axis. However, only a few studies have explored the association between dietary fiber intake (DFI) and the incidence of depression and anxiety in hypertensive patients. (2) Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in one comprehensive hospital and one community clinic aimed at understanding the status of DFI and the association between DFI and incidences of depression and anxiety in hypertensive patients. Levels of DFI were obtained through a two-24 h diet recall. According to the levels of DFI from low to high, the participants were divided into Q1, Q2, Q3 and Q4 groups. The Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System short form v1.0-Depression 8b and Anxiety 8a were used to assess patients’ levels of depression and anxiety. (3) Results: A total of 459 hypertensive patients were recruited and the daily DFI was 10.4 g. The incidences of hypertension combined with depression and anxiety were 19.6% and 18.5%, respectively. Regression analysis showed statistically significant associations between DFI and depression (B = −0.346, p = 0.001) and anxiety score (B = −0.565, p < 0.001). In logistic regression, after the covariates were adjusted, DFI was associated with the incidence of depression in Q3 (OR 2.641, 95% CI 1.050–6.640) and with that of anxiety in Q1 (OR 2.757, 95% CI 1.035–7.346), compared with Q4. (4) Conclusions: A higher consumption of DF was a protective factor for depression and anxiety in hypertensive patients.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: dietary fiber; anxiety; depression; essential hypertension
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
Faculty / School / Research Centre / Research Group: Faculty of Education, Health & Human Sciences
Faculty of Education, Health & Human Sciences > Institute for Lifecourse Development
Faculty of Education, Health & Human Sciences > Institute for Lifecourse Development > Centre for Chronic Illness and Ageing
Faculty of Education, Health & Human Sciences > School of Health Sciences (HEA)
Related URLs:
Last Modified: 22 Nov 2021 11:19
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
Selected for GREAT 2019: None
Selected for REF2021: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/34424

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