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Standardization of the distributed ledger technology cybersecurity stack for power and energy applications

Standardization of the distributed ledger technology cybersecurity stack for power and energy applications

Gourisetti, Sri Nikhil Gupta, Cali, Umit, Choo, Kim-Kwang Raymond, Escobar, Elizabeth, Gorog, Christopher, Lee, Annabelle, Mylrea, Michael, Pasetti, Marco, Rahimi, Farrokh, Reddi, Ramesh and Sani, Abubakar Sadiq (2021) Standardization of the distributed ledger technology cybersecurity stack for power and energy applications. Sustainable Energy, Grids and Networks, 28:100553. ISSN 2352-4677 (Print), 2352-4677 (Online) (doi:

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The global trend towards the integration of distributed energy resources is opening the doors to advanced, complex, and distributed marketplaces. Such advanced ecosystems, where utility-owned and non utility-owned assets can contribute towards grid operations, generally require distributed communication and grid architectures, which can be supported by Distributed Ledger Technologies (DLTs). However, the potential of DLTs for long-term scalable solutions in operational technology applications has not been fully utilized, partly due to the lack of standardization across and between different DLTs, as well as other supporting building blocks (e.g., communication protocols). This paper attempts to address this gap by proposing a DLT cybersecurity stack specifically designed for researchers, DLT technology developers, and end users (such as utilities). The DLT cybersecurity stack has been notionally mapped to related cybersecurity components, namely: the Open Systems Interconnection (OSI) model, the Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) suite, and existing Smart Grid architecture frameworks. In addition, the paper discusses several cybersecurity implications, and demonstrates the potential uses of the DLT stack through multiple power and energy use cases. It is important to note that the stack can be also applied to the DLT use cases that are outside the power and energy domain. This work has been performed by the Cybersecurity Task Force under the IEEE P2418.5 Blockchain for Energy Standard working group that is stationed under the IEEE Power and Energy Society’s Smart Buildings, Loads, and Customer Systems (SBLC) technical committee.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Distributed Ledger Technology (DLT), blockchain, power systems, Distributed Energy Resource (DER), cybersecurity, smart grid
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA75 Electronic computers. Computer science
T Technology > T Technology (General)
Faculty / School / Research Centre / Research Group: Faculty of Engineering & Science
Faculty of Engineering & Science > Internet of Things and Security Research Centre (ISEC)
Faculty of Engineering & Science > School of Computing & Mathematical Sciences (CMS)
Related URLs:
Last Modified: 23 May 2022 11:52

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