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Sadism among sexual homicide offenders: validation of the sexual sadism scale.

Sadism among sexual homicide offenders: validation of the sexual sadism scale.

Stefanska, Ewa B. ORCID: 0000-0002-5685-0763, Nitschke, Joachim, Carter, Adam J. and Mokros, Andreas ORCID: 0000-0002-9706-0928 (2018) Sadism among sexual homicide offenders: validation of the sexual sadism scale. Psychological Assessment, 31 (1). pp. 132-137. ISSN 1040-3590 (Print), 1939-134X (Online) (doi:https://doi.org/10.1037/pas0000653)

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Abstract

Sexual sadism is assumed to be a crucial factor in sexual homicide. Prevalence estimates vary greatly due to differences in the definition of sexual sadism. A nationwide sample of 350 male perpetrators who had committed a sexual homicide offense against a female 14 years of age or above in England or Wales was assessed based on archival records. Sexual sadism was assessed using the Sexual Sadism Scale (SeSaS). Item response theory (IRT) analyses were conducted focusing on the 2-parameter logistic model. The single-factor structure of the SeSaS Part 1 was tested using confirmatory factor analysis. Estimates of both internal consistency and interrater agreement were satisfactory to substantial. IRT analysis showed that the Part 1 items captured moderate to severe levels of the latent construct (i.e., theta levels >0). Based on the Posterior Probability of Diagnosis index, the prevalence of the disorder was estimated at 37% in the sample. The substantial correlation between the SeSaS Part 1 total score and original clinical diagnoses of sadism confirms the criterion validity of the scale. Exertion of control and infliction of torture were among the more informative items. In sum, the results support the usefulness of the SeSaS instrument for assessing forensically relevant forms of sadism.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: sadism, sexual homicide, prevalence, SeSaS, PPOD
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
H Social Sciences > HV Social pathology. Social and public welfare
Faculty / School / Research Group: Faculty of Education, Health & Human Sciences
Faculty of Education, Health & Human Sciences > Department of Psychology, Social Work & Counselling
Related URLs:
Last Modified: 13 Sep 2021 11:34
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
Selected for GREAT 2019: None
Selected for REF2021: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/33545

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