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Validation of the mind excessively wandering scale and the relationship of mind wandering to impairment in adult ADHD

Validation of the mind excessively wandering scale and the relationship of mind wandering to impairment in adult ADHD

Mowlem, Florence D., Skirrow, Caroline, Reid, Peter, Maltezos, Stefanos, Nijjar, Simrit K., Merwood, Andrew, Barker, Edward, Cooper, Ruth ORCID: 0000-0002-9735-4731, Kuntsi, Jonna and Asherson, Philip (2016) Validation of the mind excessively wandering scale and the relationship of mind wandering to impairment in adult ADHD. Journal of Attention Disorders, 23 (6). pp. 624-634. ISSN 1087-0547 (Print), 1557-1246 (Online) (doi:https://doi.org/10.1177/1087054716651927)

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Abstract

Objective:
This study investigates excessive mind wandering (MW) in adult ADHD using a new scale: the Mind Excessively Wandering Scale (MEWS).

Method:
Data from two studies of adult ADHD was used in assessing the psychometric properties of the MEWS. Case-control differences in MW, the association with ADHD symptoms, and the contribution to functional impairment were investigated.

Results:
The MEWS functioned well as a brief measure of excessive MW in adult ADHD, showing good internal consistency (α > .9), and high sensitivity (.9) and specificity (.9) for the ADHD diagnosis, comparable with that of existing ADHD symptom rating scales. Elevated levels of MW were found in adults with ADHD, which contributed to impairment independently of core ADHD symptom dimensions.

Conclusion:
Findings suggest excessive MW is a common co-occurring feature of adult ADHD that has specific implications for the functional impairments experienced. The MEWS has potential utility as a screening tool in clinical practice to assist diagnostic assessment.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: © The Author(s) 2016. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License (http://www.creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/) which permits any use, reproduction and distribution of the work without further permission provided the original work is attributed as specified on the SAGE and Open Access page (https://us.sagepub.com/en-us/nam/open-access-at-sage).
Uncontrolled Keywords: ADHD, mind wandering, functional impairment, mental restlessness, task-unrelated thoughts (TUTs)
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Education, Health & Human Sciences
Faculty of Education, Health & Human Sciences > Department of Psychology, Social Work & Counselling
Last Modified: 06 Jun 2021 23:57
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
Selected for GREAT 2019: None
Selected for REF2021: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/32762

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