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Attentional bias for negative expressions depends on previous target location: replicable effect but unreliable measures

Attentional bias for negative expressions depends on previous target location: replicable effect but unreliable measures

Gladwin, Thomas, Jewiss, Matt and Vink, Matthijs (2020) Attentional bias for negative expressions depends on previous target location: replicable effect but unreliable measures. Journal of Cognitive Psychology, 32 (5-6). pp. 562-572. ISSN 2044-5911 (Print), 2044-592X (Online) (doi:https://doi.org/10.1080/20445911.2020.1805453)

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Abstract

Observability of threat-related spatial attentional biases may require previous-trial responses associated with threat-related locations. This carryover effect might affect reliability and correlations. In Study 1, a diagonalized Visual Probe Task was completed online (N=131) with colour, anger, fear and disgust stimuli, with questionnaires on aggression, anxiety, depression and impulsivity. Bias towards negative stimuli was found only following previous targets on the negative location. Study 2 aimed to test an interpretation in terms of cue-evoked attention. Task variants were completed (N=101) with and without removal of the cue when targets appeared. Anger and disgust stimuli and aggression, anxiety and depression scales were used. Carryover was replicated with no interaction with cue offset. Over both tasks, reliability was low and no robust correlations with questionnaires were found. Carryover thus determined whether attentional bias to negative facial expressions was observed, but analyses taking this into account did not improve reliability or reveal correlations.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: carryover, attentional bias, mental health, cue offset, reliability
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Education, Health & Human Sciences
Faculty of Education, Health & Human Sciences > Institute for Lifecourse Development
Faculty of Education, Health & Human Sciences > Institute for Lifecourse Development > Centre for Mental Health
Last Modified: 29 Sep 2020 15:08
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
Selected for GREAT 2019: None
Selected for REF2021: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/29765

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