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Review of positive psychology outcome measures for chronic illness, traumatic brain injury and older adults: adaptability in dementia?

Review of positive psychology outcome measures for chronic illness, traumatic brain injury and older adults: adaptability in dementia?

Stoner, C.R. ORCID: 0000-0002-1536-4347, Orrell, M. and Spector, A. (2015) Review of positive psychology outcome measures for chronic illness, traumatic brain injury and older adults: adaptability in dementia? Dementia and geriatric cognitive disorders, 40 (5-6). pp. 340-357. ISSN 1420-8008 (Print), 1421-9824 (Online) (doi:https://doi.org/10.1159/000439044)

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Abstract

BACKGROUND

Despite positive psychology being increasingly recognised as an important agent in well-being, there is a lack of standardised outcome measures for psychosocial dementia research. This review assessed positive psychology outcome measures using standardised criterion in populations that were identified as having shared characteristics. It aimed to identify robust measures that were suitable for potential adaption or use within a dementia population.

SUMMARY

The review identified 16 positive psychology outcome measures (and 8 further psychometric assessments of these) within the constructs of resilience, self-efficacy, religiousness/spirituality, life valuation, sense of coherence, autonomy, resourcefulness and a combined measure (CASP-19). Scale development studies were subject to a quality assessment, and most were found to be lacking information on reproducibility and responsiveness.

KEY MESSAGES

A wide range of measures within the constructs of positive psychology was identified as having potential utility for psychosocial research within a dementia population. Examples included the CD-RISC, GSWB, SWLS, MPAQ, RSOA and CASP-19. It is recommended that such scales are further adapted or validated for people with dementia. Underreporting of appropriate psychometric analyses hampered this review, and it is recommended that future authors endeavour to report such analyses.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: psychometric assessment, dementia, alzheimer, resilience, self-efficacy, spirituality, satisfaction, resourcefulness, autonomy, coherence
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Education, Health & Human Sciences
Faculty of Education, Health & Human Sciences > Department of Psychology, Social Work & Counselling
Faculty of Education, Health & Human Sciences > Institute for Lifecourse Development
Faculty of Education, Health & Human Sciences > Institute for Lifecourse Development > Centre for Chronic Illness and Ageing
Faculty of Education, Health & Human Sciences > Institute for Lifecourse Development > Centre for Mental Health
Last Modified: 15 May 2020 14:36
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
Selected for GREAT 2019: None
Selected for REF2021: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/28120

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