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Decoding of basic emotions from dynamic visual displays in dementia: a sign of loss of positivity bias in emotional processing in cognitively unhealthy aging?

Decoding of basic emotions from dynamic visual displays in dementia: a sign of loss of positivity bias in emotional processing in cognitively unhealthy aging?

Gkinopoulos, Theofilos, Moraitou, Despina, Papantoniou, Georgia, Nigritinou, Magdalini, Ginos, Pantelis and Kotselidou, Daphni (2014) Decoding of basic emotions from dynamic visual displays in dementia: a sign of loss of positivity bias in emotional processing in cognitively unhealthy aging? Open Journal of Medical Psychology, 03 (05). pp. 325-336. ISSN 2165-9370 (Print), 2165-9389 (Online) (doi:https://doi.org/10.4236/ojmp.2014.35034)

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Abstract

Difficulties in recognizing emotional signals might have serious implications for social interactions. Neurodegenerative diseases that affect neural networks involved in emotional displays processing might thus be connected with a disproportionate impairment in social life. This study aimed at examining the ability to decode basic emotions from dynamic visual displays in mild to moderate dementia. Thirty old adults diagnosed as demented, and 30 gender-matched healthy controls were administered a measure of emotion evaluation. The groups did not differ significantly in age and educational level. The emotion evaluation test was designed to examine a person’s ability to visually identify basic emotions and discriminate these from neutral expressions, when they were expressed as dynamic, subtle, day-to-day expressions. Results showed that demented participants had a great difficulty in recognizing the positively valenced emotions of happiness and pleasant surprise, while sadness, anger, and anxiety were the easiest emotions to recognize. Healthy controls were almost excellent on happiness recognition, while discrimination of non-emotional displays was the most difficult condition often mislabeled as anxiety or pleasant surprise. Results were mainly discussed in terms of socio-emotional selectivity theory positing that only older adults capable of exerting cognitive controlled favor emotional over non-emotional and positive over negative information.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: aging, dementia, emotional valence, emotion recognition, socio-emotional selectivity theory
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Education, Health & Human Sciences
Faculty of Education, Health & Human Sciences > Institute for Lifecourse Development
Faculty of Education, Health & Human Sciences > Institute for Lifecourse Development > Centre for Inequalities
Last Modified: 05 May 2020 11:34
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
Selected for GREAT 2019: None
Selected for REF2021: REF 6
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/28077

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