Skip navigation

Emotion recognition abilities in adults with Anorexia Nervosa are associated with autistic traits

Emotion recognition abilities in adults with Anorexia Nervosa are associated with autistic traits

Kerr-Gaffney, Jessica, Mason, Luke, Jones, Emily, Hayward, Hannah, Ahmad, Jumana ORCID: 0000-0001-5271-0731, Harrison, Amy, Loth, Eva, Murphy, Declan and Tchanturia, Kate (2020) Emotion recognition abilities in adults with Anorexia Nervosa are associated with autistic traits. Journal of Clinical Medicine, 9 (4):1057. ISSN 2077-0383 (Online) (doi:https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm9041057)

[img]
Preview
PDF (Publisher's PDF - Open Access)
27706 AHMAD_Emotion_Recognition_Abilities_In_Adults_With_Anorexia_Nervosa_(OA)_2020.pdf - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

Download (794kB) | Preview

Abstract

Difficulties in socio-emotional functioning are proposed to contribute to the development and maintenance of anorexia nervosa (AN). This study aimed to examine emotion recognition abilities in individuals in the acute and recovered stages of AN compared to healthy controls (HCs). A second aim was to examine whether attention to faces and comorbid psychopathology predicted emotion recognition abilities. The films expressions task was administered to 148 participants (46 AN, 51 recovered AN, 51 HC) to assess emotion recognition, during which attention to faces was recorded using eye-tracking. Comorbid psychopathology was assessed using self-report questionnaires and the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule–2nd edition (ADOS-2). No significant differences in emotion recognition abilities or attention to faces were found between groups. However, individuals with a lifetime history of AN who scored above the clinical cut-off on the ADOS-2 displayed poorer emotion recognition performance than those scoring below cut-off and HCs. ADOS-2 scores significantly predicted emotion recognition abilities while controlling for group membership and intelligence. Difficulties in emotion recognition appear to be associated with high autism spectrum disorder (ASD) traits, rather than a feature of AN. Whether individuals with AN and high ASD traits may require different treatment strategies or adaptations is a question for future research.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: anorexia nervosa, ASD, comorbidity, emotion recognition, attention
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Education, Health & Human Sciences
Faculty of Education, Health & Human Sciences > Department of Psychology, Social Work & Counselling
Last Modified: 30 Apr 2020 15:19
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
Selected for GREAT 2019: None
Selected for REF2021: REF 6
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/27706

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics