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Ready and waiting: freezing as active action preparation under threat

Ready and waiting: freezing as active action preparation under threat

Gladwin, Thomas E., Hashemi, Mahur M., van Ast, Vanessa and Roelofs, Karin (2016) Ready and waiting: freezing as active action preparation under threat. Neuroscience Letters, 619. pp. 182-188. ISSN 0304-3940 (doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neulet.2016.03.027)

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Abstract

Freezing is a defensive response characterized by rigidity and bradycardia, but it is unclear whether it is a passive versus active preparatory state. We developed a shooting task in which preparation and threat were manipulated independently: Participants were either helpless or able to respond to a possible upcoming attack, and attacks were either associated with an electric shock or not. Essentially, a purely anticipatory preparatory period was used during which no stimuli occurred. Freezing was assessed during this period. In addition to heart rate, body sway was measured, using a stabilometric force platform. The efficacy of the threat manipulation was confirmed via self-report. The ability to prepare led to decreases in heart rate and postural sway, while threat led to decreased heart rate. Further, exploratory analyses suggested that aggressive participants showed reduced initial freezing for threatening opponents, but increased postural freezing when armed. The results suggest that freezing may involve active preparation. Relations to results in passive viewing tasks are discussed.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: aggression, body sway, bradycardia, freezing, immobility, preparation, threat
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Education, Health & Human Sciences
Faculty of Education, Health & Human Sciences > Institute for Lifecourse Development
Faculty of Education, Health & Human Sciences > Institute for Lifecourse Development > Centre for Mental Health
Last Modified: 28 Apr 2020 21:03
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
Selected for GREAT 2019: None
Selected for REF2021: REF 5
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/27679

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