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Chronic flavanol-rich cocoa powder supplementation reduces body fat mass in endurance athletes by modifying the follistatin/ myostatin ratio and leptin levels

Chronic flavanol-rich cocoa powder supplementation reduces body fat mass in endurance athletes by modifying the follistatin/ myostatin ratio and leptin levels

García-Merino, Jose-Angel, Moreno-Perez, Diego, de Lucas, Beatriz, Montalvo-Lominchar, Maria Gregoria, Muñoz, Elsa, Sánchez, Lara, Naclerio, Fernando ORCID: 0000-0001-7405-4894, Herrera-Rocha, Karen Marlenne, Moreno-Jiménez, Martha Rocío, Rocha-Guzman, Nuria E. and Larrosa, Mar Larrosa (2020) Chronic flavanol-rich cocoa powder supplementation reduces body fat mass in endurance athletes by modifying the follistatin/ myostatin ratio and leptin levels. Food & Function, 11 (4). pp. 3441-3450. ISSN 2042-6496 (Print), 2042-650X (Online) (doi:https://doi.org/10.1039/D0FO00246A)

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Abstract

Flavonols-rich cocoa has positive effects on lipid metabolism and might enhance the performance of athletes through an improvement in their body composition. To test this hypothesis a placebo-controlled intervention study in training endurance athletes who received 5 g of cocoa daily (425 mg of flavan-3-ols) for 10 weeks was performed. Dietary intake, body composition, exercise performance and plasma levels of follistatin, myostatin and leptin were measured. Cocoa intake significantly reduced body fat percentage (p = 0.020), specifically in the trunk (p = 0.022), visceral area (p = 0.034) and lower limbs (p = 0.004). The reduction in body fat mass was accompanied by an increase in plasma follistatin and a decrease in leptin, while myostatin levels remained unchanged. The intake of cocoa reduced the percentage of body fat of athletes, without any impact on athletes' performance. The change in fat body composition did not improve athletes' performance.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: supplementation, flavonoids-rich cocoa, endurance performance, body composition
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC1200 Sports Medicine
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Education, Health & Human Sciences
Faculty of Education, Health & Human Sciences > Department of Life & Sports Sciences
Last Modified: 29 May 2020 13:03
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
Selected for GREAT 2019: None
Selected for REF2021: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/27464

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