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The effect of vitamin D and/or Calcium supplementation on periodontitis

The effect of vitamin D and/or Calcium supplementation on periodontitis

Tomaz, Mariana R, Macit, Melahat S., Niza, Maria I., Jeavons, Charlotte A. ORCID: 0000-0003-2780-0350, Heitmman, Berit L. and Amorim Adegboye, Amanda R. ORCID: 0000-0003-2780-0350 (2020) The effect of vitamin D and/or Calcium supplementation on periodontitis. International Journal of Food, Nutrition and Public Health, 11 (1/2). pp. 65-81. ISSN 2042-5988 (Print), 2042-5996 (Online)

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Abstract

Objective:
To perform a systematic review and assess whether the use of vitamin D and calcium supplements can benefit the prevention of periodontitis and tooth loss among adults and elderly.

Method:
Research of MEDLINE, LILACS, Cochrane Library, Scopus and ClinicalTrials.gov and reference lists of relevant papers to identify experimental and observational studies on the effect of vitamin D and/or calcium supplementation on clinical parameters of periodontitis. Primary outcomes were clinical attachment loss (CAL), probing depth (PD) and tooth loss.

Results:
Four studies were included. Meta-analysis across studies showed a standardized mean difference (SMD) of –0.194 (95% CI: –0.777 to 0.389) and –0.168 (95% CI: –0.736 to 0.400) for CAL and PD, respectively.

Conclusion:
Vitamin D and calcium supplementation seem to have some beneficial effect on clinical parameters of periodontitis as a complementary therapy. However, these findings need to be confirmed before being used in clinical practice.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: supplementation; calcium; vitamin D; periodontitis
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Education, Health & Human Sciences
Faculty of Education, Health & Human Sciences > Department of Psychology, Social Work & Counselling
Faculty of Education, Health & Human Sciences > Institute for Lifecourse Development
Faculty of Education, Health & Human Sciences > Institute for Lifecourse Development > Centre for Chronic Illness and Ageing
Related URLs:
Last Modified: 25 Mar 2020 22:32
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
Selected for GREAT 2019: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/27439

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