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Contingency and contiguity of imitative behaviour affect social affiliation

Contingency and contiguity of imitative behaviour affect social affiliation

Dignath, David, Lotze-Hermes, Paul, Farmer, Harry ORCID: 0000-0002-3684-0605 and Pfister, Roland (2017) Contingency and contiguity of imitative behaviour affect social affiliation. Psychological Research, 82 (4). pp. 819-831. ISSN 0340-0727 (Print), 1430-2772 (Online) (doi:https://doi.org/10.1007/s00426-017-0854-x)

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Abstract

Actions of others automatically prime similar responses in an agent’s behavioural repertoire. As a consequence, perceived or anticipated imitation facilitates own action control and, at the same time, imitation boosts social affiliation and rapport with others. It has previously been suggested that basic mechanisms of associative learning can account for behavioural effects of imitation, whereas a possible role of associative learning for affiliative processes is poorly understood at present. Therefore, this study examined whether contingency and contiguity, the principles of associative learning, affect also the social effects of imitation. Two experiments yielded evidence in favour of this hypothesis by showing more social affiliation in conditions with high contingency (as compared to low contingency) and in conditions of high contiguity (compared to low contiguity).

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: imitation, contingency, contiguity, social affiliation, mimicry
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Education, Health & Human Sciences
Faculty of Education, Health & Human Sciences > Department of Psychology, Social Work & Counselling
Last Modified: 19 Feb 2020 11:54
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
Selected for GREAT 2019: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/26822

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