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New hydroelastic solitary waves in deep water and their dynamics

New hydroelastic solitary waves in deep water and their dynamics

Gao, T. ORCID: 0000-0002-6425-1568, Wang, Z. and Vanden-Broeck, J.-M. (2016) New hydroelastic solitary waves in deep water and their dynamics. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 788. pp. 469-491. ISSN 0022-1120 (Print), 1469-7645 (Online) (doi:https://doi.org/10.1017/jfm.2015.695)

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Abstract

A numerical study of fully nonlinear waves propagating through a two-dimensional deep fluid covered by a floating flexible plate is presented. The nonlinear model proposed by Toland (Arch. Rat. Mech. Anal., vol. 289, 2008, pp. 325–362) is used to formulate the pressure exerted by the thin elastic sheet. The symmetric solitary waves previously found by Guyenne & Părău (J. Fluid Mech., vol. 713, 2012, pp. 307–329) and Wang et al. (IMA J. Appl. Maths, vol. 78, 2013, pp. 750–761) are briefly reviewed. A new class of hydroelastic solitary waves which are non-symmetric in the direction of wave propagation is then computed. These asymmetric solitary waves have a multi-packet structure and appear via spontaneous symmetry-breaking bifurcations. We study in detail the stability properties of both symmetric and asymmetric solitary waves subject to longitudinal perturbations. Some moderate-amplitude symmetric solitary waves are found to be stable. A series of numerical experiments are performed to show the non-elastic behaviour of two interacting stable solitary waves. The large response generated by a localised steady pressure distribution moving at a speed slightly below the minimum of the phase speed (called the transcritical regime in the literature) is also examined. The direct numerical simulation of the fully nonlinear equations with a single load reveals that in this range the generated waves are of finite amplitude. This includes a perturbed depression solitary wave, which is qualitatively similar to the large response observed in experiments. The excitations of stable elevation solitary waves are achieved by applying multiple loads moving with a speed in the transcritical regime.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: solitary waves, hydroelastic waves, wave interaction
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Liberal Arts & Sciences
Faculty of Liberal Arts & Sciences > Department of Mathematical Sciences
Last Modified: 13 Dec 2019 12:48
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
Selected for GREAT 2019: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/25956

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