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A qualitative exploration of experiences of diagnosis amongst people living with type 2 diabetes

A qualitative exploration of experiences of diagnosis amongst people living with type 2 diabetes

Newton, P ORCID: 0000-0002-8525-6763, Scambler, S and Asimakopoulou, K (2019) A qualitative exploration of experiences of diagnosis amongst people living with type 2 diabetes. Journal of Diabetes Reports, 1 (1). pp. 1-11.

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Abstract

Background:
Previous research has found that experiences of being diagnosed with Type 2 Diabetes (T2D) shape how people regard their condition, which can later have an impact on self management. This research examines experiences of diagnosis reported by people living with T2D.

Methods:
Using semi-structured interviews (N = 25), focus groups (3 x N = 12 participants) and open-ended questionnaires (N = 6), people living with T2D were recruited from a community-based T2D participation group. Data were analysed thematically using a framework analysis.

Results:
Patients’ accounts of diagnosis yielded 3 main themes: (1) Routes to diagnosis; (2) Symptom status during diagnosis experience; and (3) Responses to T2D diagnosis. It was found that participants’ routes to diagnosis and their experiences of symptoms prior to, and during, the diagnosis process presented varying barriers and facilitators to receiving, understanding and/or acting on, the ramifications of their condition. This, in turn, shaped how participants’ responded to their diagnosis.

Conclusion:
The paper concludes that positive experiences of diagnosis may be possible if barriers to receiving a T2D diagnosis are removed through health promotion measures. Equally, healthcare professionals should seek to resolve the uncertainties that people experience around the time of diagnosis. It is recommended that the latter could be achieved by tailoring patient information and support according to 1) routes to diagnosis, and 2) the stage of the condition has reached at the time of diagnosis.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: type 2 diabetes, qualitative, diagnosis, patient perspectives, patient experiences
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Education, Health & Human Sciences
Faculty of Education, Health & Human Sciences > Department of Adult Nursing & Paramedic Science
Faculty of Education, Health & Human Sciences > Health & Society Research Group
Last Modified: 30 Oct 2019 13:53
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
Selected for GREAT 2019: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/25878

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