Skip navigation

Is procedural memory enhanced in Tourette syndrome? evidence from a sequence learning task

Is procedural memory enhanced in Tourette syndrome? evidence from a sequence learning task

Takacs, Adam, Kobor, Andrea, Chezan, Julia, Elteto, Noemi, Tarnok, Zsanett, Nemeth, Dezso, Ullman, Michael T. and Janacsek, Karolina (2017) Is procedural memory enhanced in Tourette syndrome? evidence from a sequence learning task. Cortex, 100. pp. 84-94. ISSN 0010-9452 (doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cortex.2017.08.037)

[img]
Preview
PDF (Author's Accepted Manuscript)
25732 JANACSEK_Is_Procedural_Memory_Enhanced_In_Tourette_Syndrome_(AAM)_2017.pdf - Accepted Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.

Download (422kB) | Preview

Abstract

Procedural memory, which is rooted in the basal ganglia, underlies the learning and processing of numerous automatized motor and cognitive skills, including in language. Not surprisingly, disorders with basal ganglia abnormalities have been found to show impairments of procedural memory. However, brain abnormalities could also lead to atypically enhanced function. Tourette syndrome (TS) is a candidate for enhanced procedural memory, given previous findings of enhanced TS processing of grammar, which likely depends on procedural memory. We comprehensively examined procedural learning, from memory formation to retention, in children with TS and typically developing (TD) children, who performed an implicit sequence learning task over two days. The children with TS showed sequence learning advantages on both days, despite a regression of sequence knowledge overnight to the level of the TD children. This is the first demonstration of procedural learning advantages in any disorder. The findings may further our understanding of procedural memory and its enhancement. The evidence presented here, together with previous findings suggesting enhanced grammar processing in TS, underscore the dependence of language on a system that also subserves visuomotor sequencing.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: basal ganglia, implicit learning, sequence learning, procedural memory, tourette syndrome
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Education, Health & Human Sciences
Faculty of Education, Health & Human Sciences > Department of Psychology, Social Work & Counselling
Last Modified: 13 Jan 2020 15:12
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
Selected for GREAT 2019: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/25732

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics