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The differential consolidation of perceptual and motor learning in skill acquisition

The differential consolidation of perceptual and motor learning in skill acquisition

Hallgató, Emese, Gyori-Dani, Dora, Pekar, Judit, Janacsek, Karolina and Nemeth, Dezso (2012) The differential consolidation of perceptual and motor learning in skill acquisition. Cortex, 49 (4). pp. 1073-1081. ISSN 0010-9452 (doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cortex.2012.01.002)

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Abstract

Implicit skill learning is an unconscious way of learning which underlies not only motor but also cognitive and social skills. This form of learning is based on both motor and perceptual information. Although many studies have investigated the perceptual and motor components of “online” skill learning, the effect of consolidation on perceptual and motor characteristics of skill learning has not been studied to our knowledge. In our research we used a sequence learning task to determine if consolidation had the same or different effect on the perceptual and the motor components of skill acquisition. We introduced a 12-hour (including or not including sleep) and a 24-hour (diurnal control) delay between the learning and the testing phase with AM-PM, PM-AM, AM-AM and PM-PM groups, in order to examine whether the offline period had differential effects on perceptual and motor learning. Although both perceptual and motor learning were significant in the testing phase, results showed that motor knowledge transfers more effectively than perceptual knowledge during the offline period, irrespective of whether sleep occurred or not and whether there was a 12- or 24-hour delay period between the learning and the testing phase. These results have important implications for the debate concerning perceptual/motor learning and the role of sleep in skill acquisition.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: consolidation, implicit skill learning, offline learning, perceptual-motor learning, sleep
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Education, Health & Human Sciences
Faculty of Education, Health & Human Sciences > Department of Psychology, Social Work & Counselling
Last Modified: 20 Jan 2020 12:58
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
Selected for GREAT 2019: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/25688

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