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When people co-occur with good or bad events: graded effects of relational qualifiers on evaluative conditioning

When people co-occur with good or bad events: graded effects of relational qualifiers on evaluative conditioning

Hughes, Sean, Ye, Yang ORCID: 0000-0001-7142-3869, Van Dessel, Pieter and De Houwer, Jan (2018) When people co-occur with good or bad events: graded effects of relational qualifiers on evaluative conditioning. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 45 (2). pp. 196-208. ISSN 0146-1672 (Print), 1552-7433 (Online) (doi:https://doi.org/10.1177/0146167218781340)

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Abstract

Studies on evaluative conditioning show that a change in liking can occur whenever stimuli are paired. Such instances of attitude change are known to depend on the type of relation established between stimuli (e.g., “Bob is a friend of Mike” vs. “Bob is an enemy of Mike”). Research has so far only compared assimilative and contrastive relational qualifiers (e.g., friend vs. enemy). For the first time, we compared the effect of non-oppositional qualifiers on attitude change in a EC procedure (e.g., “Bob causes Positive Outcomes” vs. “Bob predicts Positive Outcomes”). Differential effects of non-oppositional relational qualifiers were observed on explicit and implicit evaluations. We discuss the implications of our findings for attitude research, theories of attitude change, and for optimizing evaluative conditioning for changing attitudes in applied settings.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: evaluative conditioning, cognitive balance, relational qualifiers, implicit
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Education, Health & Human Sciences
Faculty of Education, Health & Human Sciences > Department of Psychology, Social Work & Counselling
Last Modified: 01 May 2020 15:03
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
Selected for GREAT 2019: None
Selected for REF2021: REF 6
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/25108

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