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Executive functions in children with developmental coordination disorder: a 2-year follow-up study

Executive functions in children with developmental coordination disorder: a 2-year follow-up study

Bernardi, Marialivia ORCID: 0000-0002-6844-0358, Leonard, Hayley C, Hill, Elisabeth L, Botting, Nicola and Henry, Lucy A (2017) Executive functions in children with developmental coordination disorder: a 2-year follow-up study. Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology, 60 (3). pp. 306-313. ISSN 0012-1622 (Print), 1469-8749 (Online) (doi:https://doi.org/10.1111/dmcn.13640)

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Abstract

Aim: Executive function impairments have been identified in children with poor motor skills, with and without a diagnosis of developmental coordination disorder (DCD). However, most studies are cross‐sectional. This study investigates the development of executive function in children with poor motor skills over 2 years.

Method: Children aged 7 to 11 years (n=51) were assessed twice, 2 years apart, on verbal and nonverbal measures of executive functions: executive‐loaded working memory (ELWM); fluency; response inhibition; planning; and cognitive flexibility. Typically developing children (n=17) were compared with those with a clinical diagnosis of DCD (n=17) and those with identified motor difficulties (n=17) but no formal diagnosis of DCD.

Results: Developmental gains in executive function were similar between groups, although a gap between children with poor motor skills and typically developing children on nonverbal executive functions persisted. Specifically, children with DCD performed significantly more poorly than typically developing children on all nonverbal executive function tasks and verbal fluency tasks at both time points; and children with motor difficulties but no diagnosis of DCD showed persistent executive function problems in nonverbal tasks of ELWM and fluency.

Interpretation: Children with DCD and motor difficulties demonstrated executive function difficulties over 2 years, which may affect activities of daily living and academic achievement, in addition to their motor deficit.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: executive function, developmental coordination disorder
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Education & Health
Faculty of Education & Health > Applied Psychology Research Group
Faculty of Education & Health > Department of Psychology, Social Work & Counselling
Last Modified: 18 Jul 2019 13:44
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
Selected for GREAT 2019: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/24029

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