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Relative polyphagy of “Mediterranean” cryptic Bemisia tabaci whitefly species and global pest status implications

Relative polyphagy of “Mediterranean” cryptic Bemisia tabaci whitefly species and global pest status implications

Vyskočilová, Soňa ORCID: 0000-0001-5296-4272, Seal, Susan ORCID: 0000-0002-3952-1562 and Colvin, John ORCID: 0000-0001-6413-580X (2019) Relative polyphagy of “Mediterranean” cryptic Bemisia tabaci whitefly species and global pest status implications. Journal of Pest Science, 92 (3). pp. 1071-1088. ISSN 1612-4758 (Print), 1612-4766 (Online) (doi:https://doi.org/10.1007/s10340-019-01113-9)

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Abstract

The Bemisia tabaci whitefly was previously considered a single, highly polyphagous species, but is now accepted as a group of cryptic biological species. We investigated the host plant relations of two sister species, the “Mediterranean” (MED) composed of the Q1 and Q2 mitochondrial groups and the “ASL” species (formerly considered a MED group), to discover whether polyphagy was related to the global pest status. We compared their performance by measuring the oviposition rate, survival, fecundity and proportion of female offspring on 13 host plants from nine families. In addition, oviposition preference was compared among leaves of different ages. Significant (P < 0.05) differences were found between populations in all parameters, particularly in adult survival and fecundity. Females preferred strongly to oviposit on the oldest true leaf on tobacco and tomato and on young leaves of sweet potato and pepper. The greatest differences in fecundity occurred on bean, okra, squash, pepper and tobacco. Hosts favourable for all four populations were cotton and sweet potato; no offspring were produced on cassava, chard or tomato. Host ranges of Q1 populations from Europe and sub-Saharan Africa differed despite their close genetic relatedness at the mitogenome level. Discrepancies between the parental and offspring fitness were observed. Our findings show that (1) the species have differing but overlapping host plant ranges and (2) the Q1 is the most polyphagous and can utilise tobacco, which predisposes it to evolving resistance to neonicotinoids. Our findings contribute to the understanding of ecology of this pest species complex and aid the development of efficient pest control strategies.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: © The Author(s) 2019. Open Access. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Mitochondrial phylogenetic groups; Invasiveness; Survival analysis; Optimal oviposition theory; Optimal foraging theory; Bacterial endosymbionts
Subjects: S Agriculture > S Agriculture (General)
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Engineering & Science
Faculty of Engineering & Science > Natural Resources Institute
Faculty of Engineering & Science > Natural Resources Institute > Agriculture, Health & Environment Department
Last Modified: 31 May 2019 10:08
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
Selected for GREAT 2019: GREAT 6
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/23663

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