Skip navigation

Intakes of calcium, vitamin D, and dairy servings and dental plaque in older Danish adults

Intakes of calcium, vitamin D, and dairy servings and dental plaque in older Danish adults

Adegboye, Amanda R. A. ORCID: 0000-0003-2780-0350, Christensen, Lisa B., Holm-Pedersen, Poul, Avlund, Kirsten, Boucher, Barbara J. and Heitmann, Berit L. (2013) Intakes of calcium, vitamin D, and dairy servings and dental plaque in older Danish adults. Nutrition Journal, 12:61. ISSN 1475-2891 (Online) (doi:https://doi.org/10.1186/1475-2891-12-61)

[img]
Preview
PDF (Publisher's PDF - Open Access)
22958 ADEGBOYE_Intakes_of_Calcium_Vitamin_D_and_Dairy_Servings_(OA)_2013.pdf - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

Download (174kB) | Preview

Abstract

BACKGROUND:
To investigate whether intakes of calcium and dairy-servings within-recommendations were associated with plaque score when allowing for vitamin D intakes.

METHODS:
In this cross-sectional study, including 606 older Danish adults, total dietary calcium intake (mg/day) was classified as below vs. within-recommendations and dairy intake as <3 vs. ≥3 servings/ d. Dental plaque, defined as the percentage of tooth surfaces exhibiting plaque, was classified as < median vs. ≥median value (9.5%). Analyses were stratified by lower and higher (≥6.8 μg/d) vitamin D intake.

FINDINGS:
Intakes of calcium (OR = 0.53; 95% CI = 0.31-0.92) and dairy servings (OR = 0.54; 95% CI = 0.33-0.89) within-recommendations were significantly associated with lower plaque score after adjustments for age, gender, education, intakes of alcohol, sucrose and mineral supplements, smoking, diseases, number of teeth, visits to the dentist, use of dental floss/tooth pick and salivary flow, among those with higher, but not lower, vitamin D intake.

CONCLUSION:
Intakes of calcium dairy-servings within-recommendations were inversely associated with plaque, among those with higher, but not lower, vitamin D intakes. Due to the cross-sectional nature of the study, it is not possible to infer that this association is causal.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: © Adegboye et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2013. This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Calcium; Dairy-foods; Dental plaque; Older adults; Oral-health; Vitamin D
Subjects: R Medicine > RK Dentistry
R Medicine > RL Dermatology
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Education & Health
Faculty of Education & Health > Department of Psychology, Social Work & Counselling
Last Modified: 22 Feb 2019 13:09
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
Selected for GREAT 2019: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/22958

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics