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Physical activity and quality of life in people living with HIV

Physical activity and quality of life in people living with HIV

Martin, Kevin, Naclerio, Fernando ORCID: 0000-0001-7405-4894, Karsten, Bettina and Vera, Jaime H. (2019) Physical activity and quality of life in people living with HIV. AIDS Care, 31 (5). pp. 589-598. ISSN 0954-0121 (Print), 1360-0451 (Online) (doi:https://doi.org/10.1080/09540121.2019.1576848)

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Abstract

As life expectancy in people living with HIV (PWH) has increased, the focus of management has shifted to preventing and treating chronic illnesses. Regular physical activity (PA) has been shown to reduce the impact of HIV on both physical and mental health. Our objectives were to assess the PA levels of PWH compared to HIV negative controls; investigate factors associated with PA; and determine the effect of PA levels on quality of life and mental well-being. We recruited 110 PWH and 110 HIV negative controls in this cross-sectional, single-centre study. Physical activity, quality of life and mental well-being were assessed using the rapid assessment of physical activity tool, EQ-5D-5L Questionnaire, and the Warwick-Edinburgh Mental Well-being Score. Binary logistic regression and multiple linear regression were used to identify factors associated with PA levels and mental well-being scores respectively. PWH were less likely to meet the WHO-recommended PA requirements compared to controls (50.0% vs. 64.5%; p = 0.041) and had significantly lower mental wellbeing and quality of life scores. Additionally, in PWH higher PA levels were associated with improved self-rated quality of life scores (p = 0.027). Our results suggest that targeted exercise programmes could have a beneficial effect on health status in PWH.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: HIV, physical activity, exercise, mental wellbeing, quality of life
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Engineering & Science
Faculty of Engineering & Science > Department of Life & Sports Sciences
Last Modified: 03 May 2019 14:36
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
Selected for GREAT 2019: GREAT 3
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/22931

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