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The effect of alcohol consumption on periodontitis in older Danes

The effect of alcohol consumption on periodontitis in older Danes

Hach, M., Holm-Pedersen, P., Adegboye, A. R. A. ORCID: 0000-0003-2780-0350 and Avlund, K (2015) The effect of alcohol consumption on periodontitis in older Danes. International Journal of Dental Hygiene, 13 (4). pp. 261-267. ISSN 1601-5029 (Print), 1601-5037 (Online) (doi:https://doi.org/10.1111/idh.12121)

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Abstract

Objectives:
To examine the association of alcohol consumption measured at different points in time and periodontitis at 20 years follow-up and to investigate whether long-term alcohol consumption is related to periodontitis in old age.

Design:
Participants aged 65 years or older in 2003, from the longitudinal study Copenhagen City Heart Study (CCHS), were invited to participate in the Copenhagen Oral Health Senior Study.

Methods:
Clinical periodontal attachment loss was calculated to determine the progress of periodontitis. Alcohol consumption was measured at CCHS follow-ups in 1981–1983, 1991–1994 and 2001–2003, using a standard questionnaire. Alcohol consumption was defined as light, moderate and heavy drinking and used individually for each follow-up. The three follow-ups were summarized into long-term alcohol consumption. Logistic regression analysis was used to estimate the relation between alcohol consumption measured at different points in time and periodontitis and to assess the effect of long-term alcohol consumption on periodontitis. Results: The results show that heavy drinkers in 1981–1983 had a higher odds ratio for having periodontitis compared to light drinkers (OR = 4.64 95% CI = [1.1; 19.42]).

Conclusion:
Early consumption of alcohol may increase the odds of having periodontitis 20 years later. There is a need for further studies including larger populations to investigate both alcohol consumption measured at different points in time, and long-term alcohol consumption and periodontitis progression over time.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: long-term alcohol consumption; older population; periodontitis
Subjects: R Medicine > RK Dentistry
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Education & Health
Faculty of Education & Health > Department of Psychology, Social Work & Counselling
Faculty of Education & Health > Health & Society Research Group
Last Modified: 16 Jan 2019 12:19
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
Selected for GREAT 2019: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/22421

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