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Associations between initial change in physical activity level and subsequent change in regional body fat distributions

Associations between initial change in physical activity level and subsequent change in regional body fat distributions

Ezekwe, Kelechi A., Adegboye, Amanda R.A. ORCID: 0000-0003-2780-0350, Gamborg, Michael and Heitmann, Berit L. (2013) Associations between initial change in physical activity level and subsequent change in regional body fat distributions. Obesity facts, 6 (6). pp. 552-560. ISSN 1662-4025 (Print), 1662-4033 (Online) (doi:https://doi.org/10.1159/000357366)

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Abstract

Background:
Few studies have examined which lifestyle factors relate to the development of fat distribution. Therefore, the identification of the determinants of changes in fat deposition is highly relevant.

Methods:
The association between the change in physical activity (PA) and the subsequent changes in regional body fat distributions was examined. In total, 1,236 men and 1,201 women were included at baseline and participated in the Danish MONICA (MONItoring Trends and Determinants in CArdiovascular Disease) study. A questionnaire was used to assess PA at 5 and 11 years after baseline examination, while waist circumference (WC) and hip circumference (HC) were measured at both follow-ups.

Results:
Among men, WC increased in the constant active group to a lesser extent than in the non-constant active group (3.4 vs. 4.1 cm; p = 0.03) concerning leisure time physical activities (LTPA). A similar pattern was observed for both WC and HC in relation to occupational physical activities (OPA) (p = 0.02). Among women, the results went in the same direction for LTPA, whereas the associations with OPA were in the opposite direction (p = 0.001).

Conclusion:
LTPA and OPA were associated with reduced subsequent 6-year changes in regional fat distribution for men. For women, no associations were observed in relation to WC; however, OPA seemed to increase HC among women.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This is an Open Access article licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution- NonCommercial 3.0 Unported license (CC BY-NC) (www.karger.com/OA-license), applicable to the online version of the article only. Distribution permitted for non-commercial purposes only.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Body fat distribution; Longitudinal study; Physical activity; Waist circumference; Hip circumference
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Education & Health
Faculty of Education & Health > Department of Psychology, Social Work & Counselling
Faculty of Education & Health > Health & Society Research Group
Last Modified: 14 Jan 2019 16:56
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
Selected for GREAT 2019: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/22132

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