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Everyday executive function and adaptive skills in children and adolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorder: Cross-sectional developmental trajectories

Everyday executive function and adaptive skills in children and adolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorder: Cross-sectional developmental trajectories

Kouklari, E. C., Monks, C. P. ORCID: 0000-0003-2638-181X and Tsermentseli, S. (2018) Everyday executive function and adaptive skills in children and adolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorder: Cross-sectional developmental trajectories. Autism & Developmental Language Impairments, 3. ISSN 2396-9415 (Online) (doi:https://doi.org/10.1177/2396941518800775)

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Abstract

Background and aims:
The development of Executive Function (EF) in Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) has been investigated using mainly performance-based EF measures. Less is known about the development of everyday EF skills. The present study aimed to identify the developmental patterns of everyday EF of children and adolescents with ASD compared to neurotypical controls. The association between EF and adaptive skills was also investigated.

Methods:
The present study used a cross-sectional developmental trajectory approach and data were collected from 57 children and adolescents with ASD, matched to 63 controls of the same age (7-15 years).

Results:
Results showed age-related performance declines in most everyday EF domains (e.g. inhibition, working memory, planning) in ASD, whereas for EF emotional control and shift, non-significant differences emerged across age in ASD. Everyday EF predicted adaptive skills over and above age and IQ, in participants overall.

Conclusions and Implications:
These results suggest that several everyday EF problems increase in adolescence in ASD and that these everyday EF developmental patterns deviate to a great extent from those of typical development. Shedding more light on the developmental course of all types of EF processes as well as their association with crucial social outcomes in ASD could contribute to a better theoretical understanding of the heterogeneity of the neurocognitive development in ASD.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Autism spectrum disorder, executive function
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Education & Health
Faculty of Education & Health > Department of Psychology, Social Work & Counselling
Related URLs:
Last Modified: 28 Sep 2018 14:39
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
Selected for GREAT 2019: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/21360

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