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Serum fatty acids are positively associated with changes in systemic blood pressure throughout pregnancy

Serum fatty acids are positively associated with changes in systemic blood pressure throughout pregnancy

Lepsch, Jaqueline, Farias, Dayana Rodrigues, Eshriqui, Ilana, Rebelo, Fernanda, dos Santos Vaz, Juliana, Adegboye, Amanda Amorim ORCID: 0000-0003-2780-0350, Hibbeln, Joseph R. and Kac, Gilberto (2018) Serum fatty acids are positively associated with changes in systemic blood pressure throughout pregnancy. Pregnancy Hypertension, 13. pp. 7-13. ISSN 2210-7789 (Print), 2210-7797 (Online) (doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.preghy.2018.04.012)

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Abstract

Objectives:
To assess whether serum concentrations of saturated (SFAs), polyunsaturated (PUFAs), and mono- unsaturated (MUFAs) fatty acids are associated with changes in blood pressure (BP) throughout pregnancy. Study design: Prospective cohort. Main outcome measures: Longitudinal measurements of systolic (SBP) and diastolic (DBP) BP.

Methods:
Two hundred twenty-three healthy pregnant women were recruited in a public health center in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil between 2009 and 2011. Fasting blood samples and BP measurements were obtained at the 1st (5th–13th weeks), 2nd (20th–26th) and 3rd trimester (30th–36th). Crude and adjusted (maternal age, education, energy intake, gestational body weight change, leptin concentrations, early pre-pregnancy BMI, leisure time physical activity prior to pregnancy and linear and quadratic gestational weeks) longitudinal linear mixed-effects models were employed.

Results:
SBP and DBP decreased from the 1st to the 2nd trimester and slightly increased from the 2nd to the 3rd trimester (P < 0.001). In the adjusted model (ß and 95% CI), total SFAs [0.005 (0.001–0.008); P = 0.008], total MUFAs [0.005 (0.001–0.009); P =0.019] and total n-6 PUFAs [0.005 (0.001–0.009); P =0.025] were positively associated with SBP throughout pregnancy.

Conclusions:
Maternal serum concentrations of total SFAs, MUFAs and n-6 PUFAs were positively associated with BP levels in normotensive pregnant women.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: As co-author of the article Serum fatty acids are positively associated with changes in systemic blood pressure throughout pregnancy, we are pleased to let you know that the final version – containing full bibliographic details – is now available online. To help you and the other authors access and share this work, we have created a Share Link – a personalized URL providing 50 days' free access to the article. Anyone clicking on this link before June 16, 2018 will be taken directly to the final version of your article on ScienceDirect. No sign up, registration or fees are required – they can simply click and read.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Blood pressure; Fatty acids; Pregnancy; Cohort study
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Education & Health
Faculty of Education & Health > Department of Psychology, Social Work & Counselling
Faculty of Education & Health > Health & Society Research Group
Last Modified: 17 May 2019 14:30
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: GREAT c
Selected for GREAT 2019: GREAT 3
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/20207

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