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Size versus slenderness: Two competing parameters in the seismic stability of free-standing rocking columns

Size versus slenderness: Two competing parameters in the seismic stability of free-standing rocking columns

Makris, Nicos and Kampas, Georgios (2016) Size versus slenderness: Two competing parameters in the seismic stability of free-standing rocking columns. Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, 106 (1). pp. 104-122. ISSN 0037-1106 (doi:https://doi.org/10.1785/0120150138)

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Abstract

When a free-standing column with a given base becomes taller and taller, there is a competition between the increase in its size (more stable) and the increase in its slenderness (less stable). This paper investigates how these two competing phenomena affect the stability of tall, slender, free-standing columns when subjected to horizontal and vertical ground shaking. The main conclusion of the paper is that the outcome of this competition is sensitive to local details of the ground shaking and the dominant frequency of a possible coherent, distinguishable pulse. The often observed increase in stability due to increase in height (despite the increase in slenderness) may be further enhanced due to a sudden transition from the lower mode of overturning with impact to the higher mode of overturning without impact. The paper proceeds by offering a simple mathematical explanation why the vertical ground acceleration has a marginal effect on the stability of a slender, free-standing column; and concludes that the level of ground shaking that is needed to overturn a tall free-standing column of any size and any slenderness is a decreasing function of the length scale, apTp^2, of the dominant coherent acceleration pulse normalized to the base-width of the column.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: seismic stability, rocking blocks, bridges, ancient monuments, seismic protection
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Engineering & Science
Faculty of Engineering & Science > Department of Engineering Science
Last Modified: 16 May 2019 13:59
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: GREAT a
Selected for GREAT 2019: GREAT 3
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/19465

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